Session I. Natural and Somatic Embryo Development in Loblolly Pine: Gene Expression Studies Using Differential Display, J. Cainey, N. Xu, G.S. Pullman, V.T. Ciavatta, and B. Johns. Peracetic Acid as an Alternative Pretreatment for Ethanol Production from Biomass, L.C. Teixeira, J.C. Linden, and H.A. Schroeder. Extrusion Processing for Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX), B.E. Dale, J. Weaver, and F.M. Byers. Optimization of Steam Explosion of Softwoods to Enhance Hemicellulose Recovery and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose, M. Wu, K. Chang, A. Boussaid, D. Gregg, R. Beatson, and J.N. Saddler. Pyrolysis Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry and Computer Tomography X-Ray Densitometry: New Techniques for Characterizing Short-Rotation Woody Crop Feedstock Properties, G. Tuskan, D. West, M. Davis, A. Wiselogel, N. Wheeler, D. Neale, H. Bradshaw, and R. Dinus. Modeling the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Dilute-Acid-Pretreated Douglas Fir, D.J. Schell, M.F. Ruth, and M.P. Tucker. An Environmentally Friendly Candidate for Lubricating Oil, F. Karaosmanoglu and A. Özgülsün. Comparison of Different Methods for the Detoxification of Lignocellulose Hydrolysates of Spruce, S. Larsson, L.J. Jönsson, A. Reimann, and N-O. Nilvebrant. Transgenic Alfalfa Fiber as a Feedstock for Ethanol and Organic Acids, R.G. Koegel, H.K. Sreenath, and R.J. Staub. Steam Explosion of Straw in Batch and Continuous Reactors, D. Viggiano, F. Zimbardi, M. Demichele, D. Cuna, G. Cardinale, and F. Nanna. Oxidation of Organosolv Lignins in Acetic Acid, A.R. Goncalves and U. Schuchardt. Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis of Softwoods, Q.A. Nguyen, M.P. Tucker, F.A. Keller, D.A. Beaty, K.M. Connors, and F.P. Eddy. Session II. Applied Biological Research - Introduction, Douglas C. Cameron and Min Zhang. Evaluation of Recombinant Strains of Zymomonas mobilis for Ethanol Production from Glucose/Xylose Media, E. Joachimsthal, K.D. Haggett, and P.L. Rogers. Site-Directed Mutagenesis Study on the Thermal Stability of a Chimeric PQQ Glucose Dehydrogenase and its Structural Interpretation, Arief Budi Witarto and Takafumi Ohtera. Isolation and Analysis of Tetraheme-Bound Cytochrome from Photosynthetic Reaction Centers of Rhodopseudomonas viridis, Chikashi Nakamuram Miki Hasegawa, Masayuki Hara, and Jun Miyaki. Invertase Production is Related to the Nitrogen Source in Hansenula anomala, Maria B. De Medeiros and Patricia M.B. De Carvalho. Fermentation Performance Characteristics of a Prehydrolysate-Adapted Xylose-Fermenting Recombinant Zymomonas in Batch and Continuous Fermentations, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Kinetics of Xylitol Fermentation by Candida Guilliermondii Grown on Rice Straw Hemicellulosic Hydrolysate, Ines C. Roberto, Ismael M. De Mancilha, and Sunao Sato. 2-Deoxyglucose as a Selective Agent for Depressed Mutants of Pichia stipitis, Hassan K. Sreenath and Thomas W. Jeffries. Optimization of Biosurfactant Lipopeptide Production from Bacillus subtilis S-499 by Plackett-Burman Design, Phillippe Jacques, Ch. Hbid, J. Destain, H. Razafindralambo, M. Paquot, E. Depauw, and Phillippe Thonart. The Effect of Glucose on High-Level Xylose Fermentations by Recombinant Zymomonas in Batch and Fed-Batch Fermentations, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Improving the Catabolic Functions of Desiccation-Tolerant Soil Bacteria, F. Weekers, Ph. Jacques, D. Springael, M. Mergeay, L. Diels, Ph. Thonart. A High-Copy-Number Plasmid Capable of Replication in Thermophilic Cyanobacteria, M. Miyaki, H. Nagai, M. Shirai, R. Kurane, and Y. Asada. A Hybrid Neural Model of Ethanol Production by Zymomonas mobilis, A.W.S. Henriques, A.C. Costa, T.L.M. Alves, and E.L. Lima. Enzyme Production, Growth, and Adaptation of T. reerei Strains QM9414, L-27, RL-P37, and Rut C-30 to Conditioned Yellow Poplar Sawdust Hydrolysate, T.K. Hayward, J. Hamilton, D. Templeton, E. Jennings, M. Ruth, A. Tholudur, J.D. McMillan, M. Tucker, and A. Mohagheghi. L-Asparaginase II of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Activity Profile During Growth Using a URE2 Mutant P40-3C and a P40-3C+URE2p Strain, E.M.M. Oliveira, E. Carvajal, and E.P.S. Bon. Construction and Characterization of Fermentative Lactate Dehydrogenase Escherichia coli Mutant and its Potential for Bacterial Hydrogen Production, Koji Sode, Mika Watanabe, Hiroshi Makimoto, and Masamitsu Tomiyama. Subunits Analysis of a Novel Thermostable Glucose Dehydronase Showing Different Temperature Properties According to its Quaternary Structure, Tomohiko Yamazaki, Wakako Tsugawa, and Koji Sode. Expression of Luciferase Gene Under Control of the puf Promoter from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Lyudmila Vasilyeva, Masato Miyake, Chikashi Nakamura, Eiji Nakada, Anatoly Tsygankov, Yasuo Asada, and Jun Miyake. Aspects of Xylitol Formation in Sugarcane Bagasse Hydrolysate by Candida guilliermondii in the Presence of Tetracycline, Ernesto Acosta M., Silvio S. Silva, and Maria G.A. Felipe. Session III. Fermentation Kinetics of Ethanol Production from Glucose and Xylose by Recombinant Saccharomyces 1400(pLNH33), M.S. Krishnan, N.W.Y. Ho, and G.T. Tsao. Ethanol Production from Cornstarch in a Fluidized-Bed Bioreactor, N.P. Nghiem, M.S. Krishnan, and B.H. Davison. Accumulation of Biopolymers in Activated Sludge Biomass, H. Chua. Production of Fumaric Acid by Rhizopus in an Airlift Fermenter Using Different Neutralizing Agents, Y. Zhou, J. Du, N. Cao, C.S. Gong, and G.T. Tsao. Simultaneous Saccharification and Extractive Fermentation of Lignocellulosic Biomass into Lactic Acid in a Two-Zone Fermenter-Extractor System, P. Iyer and Y.Y. Lee. Microbial Dynamics in Oil-Impacted Prairie Soil, K.E. Duncan, R. Kolhatkar, G. Subramianiam, R. Narasimban, E. Jednnings, S. Hettenbach, C. McComas, K. Sublette, and W. Potter. Bioconversion of Secondary paper Fines to Ethanol Using Counter-Current Enzymatic Saccharification and Cofermentation, T.W. Jeffries and R. Schartman. Conversion of Industrial Food Wastes by Alcaligenes latus into Polyhydroxyalkanoates, P.H. Yu, H, Chua, A.L. Huang, W.H. Lo, and C.Y. Tam. Bioconversion of Mixed Solids Waste to Ethanol, Q.A. Nguyen, F.A. Keller, M.P. Tucker, C.K. Lombard, B.M. Jenkins, D. Yomogida, and V. M. Tiangco. Purification Optimization for the Recovery of Phenylethyl Alcohol, S.A. Priddy, W.T. Effler, T.R. Hanley. Electrodialysis of Acetate Fermentation, U.N. Chukwu and M.Cheryan. Oxidation of Organosolv Lignins in Acetic Acid, A.R. Gonçalves and U. Schuchardt. Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis of Softwoods, Q.A. Nguyen, M.P. Tucker, F.A. Keller, D.A. Beaty, K.M. Connors, F.P. Eddy. Biosorption of Actinides from Dilute-Waste Actinide Solution by Eggshell Membrane, K.Suyama, S. Ishikawa, and Y. Ninomiya. Ethanol Production by a Flocculating Yeast Strain in CSTR-Type Fermenter with Cell Recycle, O. Hojo, A.M.S. Maior, C.O. Hokka. Ethanol Production Using Concentrated Hydrolysates Derived from Quercus sp. Wood Chips, W.Lee, J.Lee. S.Park, and H.N. Chang. Performance of Fibrous-Bed Bioreactor for Treating Odorous Gas, H. Chua. A Preliminary Information About the Continuous Fermentation Using Cell Recycle for Improving the Microbial Xylitol Production Rates, S.S. Silva, A.Q. Chanto, M. Vitolo, M.G.A. Felipe, I. M. Mancilha. Session IV. Introduction. Session V. Financing Biotechnology Projects: Due-Dilligence Requirements of Lenders and the Role of Independent Technical Consultants, J.B. Keller and P.B. Plath. Two-Phase Methanization of Food Wastes at Pilot Scale, J. Lee and S. Park. Selection of Performance Targets and Bench-Scale Experimental Verification of a Dilute-Acid Cellulose Hydrolysis Process to Produce Ethanol from Biomass, N. Nagle, K. Ibsen, E. Jennings. Biomass Conversion to Mixed Alcohol Fuels Using the MixAlco Process, M.T. Holtzapple, M.K. Ross, N.-S. Chang, V.S. Chang, S. Burdick, S. Aldrett-Lee, W. Kaar, M. Nagwani, and S.K. Adelson. Cost Comparisons of Three Lignocellulose-to-Ethanol Conversion Processes, K.S. So and R.C. Brown. Simultaneous Saccharification and Cofermentation of Dilute-Acid-Pretreated Yellow Poplar Hardwood to Ethanol Using Xylose-Fermenting Zymomonas mobilis, J.D. McMillan, M.M. Newman, D.W. Templeton, and A. Mohagheghi. Session VI. Enzymatic Processes and Enzyme Production - Introduction, Karl Sanford and Michael Himmel. Bioconversion of Acrylonitrile to Acrylamide Using a Thermostable Nitrile Hydratase, Rugmini Padmakumar and Patrick Oriel. Lignin Peroxidase Production by Streptomyces viridosporus T7A: Nitrogen Nutrition Optimization Using Glucose as Carbon Source, J.E. Zerbini, E.M.M. Oliveira, and Elba P.S. Bon. Expression of Trichoderma reesei Exo-Cellobiohydrolase I in Transgenic Tobacco Leaves, Ziyu Dai, Brian S. Hooker, Ryan D. Quesenberry, and Jianwei Gao. Preserving the Activity of Cellulase in a Batch Foam Fractionation Process, Veara Loha, Ales Prokop, Liping Du, and Robert D. Tanner. Bleaching of Kraft Pulp with Commercial Xylanases, Joe H. B. De Araujo, Flavio F. De Moraes, and Gisella M. Zanin. Laccae from Trametes versicolor: Stability at Temperature and Alkaline Conditions and its Effect on Biobleaching of Hardwood Kraft Pulp, M.E.A. de Carvalho, M.C. Monteiro, and G.L. Sant' Anna Jr. Lignin Peroxidase and Protease Production by Streptomyces viridosporus T7A in the Presence of Calcium Carbonate: Nutritional and Regualtory Carbon Sources, Jacyara M.B. Macedo, Leda M.F. Gottschalk, and Elba P.S. Bon. Characterization and Utilization of Candida rugosa Lipase Immobilized on Controlled Pore Silica, Cleide M.F. Soares, Heizir F. De Castro, Flavio F. De Moraes, and Gisella M. Zanin. Enzymatic Synthesis of Medium Chain Triglycerides in a Solvent-Free System, Marta A.P. Langone and Geraldo L. Sant'Anna Jr.. Lignin Peroxidase Production by Streptomyces Viridosporus T7A: Use of Corn Oil as a Carbon Source, Leda M.F. Gottschalk, Jacyara M.B. Macedo, and Elba P.S. Bon. Screening of Variables in Xylanase Recovery Using BDBAC Reversed Micelles, E.M.G. Rodrigues, A. Pessoa Jr., and A.M.F. Milagres. Modeling Cellobiose Hydrolysis with Integrated Kinetic Models, Luiza P.V. Calsavara, Flavio F. De Moraes, and Gisella M. Zanin. Recovery of Cellulase by HPMC-Salt Precipitation: Analysis by Statistical Experimental Design, Sabastiao Avelino, Adriano R. Azzoni, Paulo T.V. Rosa, Everson A. Miranda, and Cesar C. Santana. Fusel Oil as Precursor for Aroma Generation by Biotransformation Using Lipase, Heizir F. De Castro, Regina Y. Moriya, Pedro C. Oliveira, and Cleide M.F. Soares. Effect on Growth Substrates on Production of New Soluble Glucose 3-Dehydrogenase in Halomonas (Deleya) sp. a-15, Katsuhiro Kojima, Wakako Tsugawa, Tetsuro Hamahuji, Yoshihumi Watazu, and Koji Sode. Enzymatic Alcoholysis of Pam and Palm Kernel Oils: Optimization by Statistical Methods, D. Oliveira and T.L.M. Alves. Modification of the Thermoresistance to Spray Drying of a Cold-Adapted Subtilisin by Genetic Engineering, Ghislaine Bare, Aaron Diakiese, Slim Zgoulli, Ahmed Sabri, Charles Gerday, and Philippe Thonart.