In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, leading researchers from academia, industry, and government offer surveys and reviews of their cutting-edge research and latest applications in the production of fuels and chemicals through biotechnology. The book's focus is on how best to improve and optimize these technologies and their economics to produce the fuels and chemicals so vital to many industrial sectors. Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals isbased on major new studies presented at the 20th Symposium, held in Gatlinburg, TN, May 3-7, 1998, covers an impressively wide range of topics, including new fuel supplies, the processing of feedstocks, and applied biological and bioprocessing research. Also discussed is work on emerging technologies for industrial chemicals, bioprocessing evaluation and confirmation, enzymatic processes and enzyme production, bioconversion, novel plants, separation, economics, and scaleup issues. The conference demonstrated once again its signal success in bringing basic research productively to bear on industrial bioprocessing for both fuels and chemicals.
Session I. Natural and Somatic Embryo Development in Loblolly Pine: Gene Expression Studies Using Differential Display, J. Cainey, N. Xu, G.S. Pullman, V.T. Ciavatta, and B. Johns. Peracetic Acid as an Alternative Pretreatment for Ethanol Production from Biomass, L.C. Teixeira, J.C. Linden, and H.A. Schroeder. Extrusion Processing for Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX), B.E. Dale, J. Weaver, and F.M. Byers. Optimization of Steam Explosion of Softwoods to Enhance Hemicellulose Recovery and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose, M. Wu, K. Chang, A. Boussaid, D. Gregg, R. Beatson, and J.N. Saddler. Pyrolysis Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry and Computer Tomography X-Ray Densitometry: New Techniques for Characterizing Short-Rotation Woody Crop Feedstock Properties, G. Tuskan, D. West, M. Davis, A. Wiselogel, N. Wheeler, D. Neale, H. Bradshaw, and R. Dinus. Modeling the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Dilute-Acid-Pretreated Douglas Fir, D.J. Schell, M.F. Ruth, and M.P. Tucker. An Environmentally Friendly Candidate for Lubricating Oil, F. Karaosmanoglu and A. Özgülsün. Comparison of Different Methods for the Detoxification of Lignocellulose Hydrolysates of Spruce, S. Larsson, L.J. Jönsson, A. Reimann, and N-O. Nilvebrant. Transgenic Alfalfa Fiber as a Feedstock for Ethanol and Organic Acids, R.G. Koegel, H.K. Sreenath, and R.J. Staub. Steam Explosion of Straw in Batch and Continuous Reactors, D. Viggiano, F. Zimbardi, M. Demichele, D. Cuna, G. Cardinale, and F. Nanna. Oxidation of Organosolv Lignins in Acetic Acid, A.R. Goncalves and U. Schuchardt. Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis of Softwoods, Q.A. Nguyen, M.P. Tucker, F.A. Keller, D.A. Beaty, K.M. Connors, and F.P. Eddy. Session II. Applied Biological Research - Introduction, Douglas C. Cameron and Min Zhang. Evaluation of Recombinant Strains of Zymomonas mobilis for Ethanol Production from Glucose/Xylose Media, E. Joachimsthal, K.D. Haggett, and P.L. Rogers. Site-Directed Mutagenesis Study on the Thermal Stability of a Chimeric PQQ GlucoseDehydrogenase and its Structural Interpretation, Arief Budi Witarto and Takafumi Ohtera. Isolation and Analysis of Tetraheme-Bound Cytochrome from Photosynthetic Reaction Centers of Rhodopseudomonas viridis, Chikashi Nakamuram Miki Hasegawa, Masayuki Hara, and Jun Miyaki. Invertase Production is Related to the Nitrogen Source in Hansenula anomala, Maria B. De Medeiros and Patricia M.B. De Carvalho. Fermentation Performance Characteristics of a Prehydrolysate-Adapted Xylose-Fermenting Recombinant Zymomonas in Batch and Continuous Fermentations, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Kinetics of Xylitol Fermentation by Candida Guilliermondii Grown on Rice Straw Hemicellulosic Hydrolysate, Ines C. Roberto, Ismael M. De Mancilha, and Sunao Sato. 2-Deoxyglucose as a Selective Agent for Depressed Mutants of Pichia stipitis, Hassan K. Sreenath and Thomas W. Jeffries. Optimization of Biosurfactant Lipopeptide Production from Bacillus subtilis S-499 by Plackett-Burman Design, Phillippe Jacques, Ch. Hbid, J. Destain, H. Razafindralambo, M. Paquot, E. Depauw, and Phillippe Thonart. The Effect of Glucose on High-Level Xylose Fermentations by Recombinant Zymomonas in Batch and Fed-Batch Fermentations, Hugh G. Lawford and Joyce D. Rousseau. Improving the Catabolic Functions of Desiccation-Tolerant Soil Bacteria, F. Weekers, Ph. Jacques, D. Springael, M. Mergeay, L. Diels, Ph. Thonart. A High-Copy-Number Plasmid Capable of Replication in Thermophilic Cyanobacteria, M. Miyaki, H. Nagai, M. Shirai, R. Kurane, and Y. Asada. A Hybrid Neural Model of Ethanol Production by Zymomonas mobilis, A.W.S. Henriques, A.C. Costa, T.L.M. Alves, and E.L. Lima. Enzyme Production, Growth, and Adaptation of T. reerei Strains QM9414, L-27, RL-P37, and Rut C-30 to Conditioned Yellow Poplar Sawdust Hydrolysate, T.K. Hayward, J. Hamilton, D. Templeton, E. Jennings, M. Ruth, A. Tholudur, J.D. McMillan, M. Tucker, and A. Mohagheghi. L-Asparaginase II of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Activity Profile During Gr